## Wednesday, November 01, 2006

### 3.10 Related Rates

This section has one of the most interesting and most involved of the topics we have covered so far; therefore, a systematic method is suggested for solving related rates problems:

1) Read the problem and take note of units and given values.
2) Draw a picture.
3) Develop a static equation relating all variables.
4) Implicitly differentiate the static equation, usually with respect to time.
5) Substitute the given and/or implied values stated in the problem and solve the equation for the requested unknown.

Sample problem

A television camera is positioned 4000 ft from the base of a rocket launching pad. The mechanism for focusing the camera has to take into account the increasing distance from the camera to the rising rocket. Assuming that the rocket rises vertically, and that its speed is 600 ft/s when it has risen 3000 ft, how fast is the distance from the television camera to the rocket changing at that moment?

Step 1) All units are in feet and seconds, no conversion necessary. Horizontal distance to rocket is 4000 ft. The height of the rocket = 600T. The time= 5 sec, the height = 3000 ft.

Step 2)

Step 3) (360000T)(T) + (16000000) = N*N

Step 4) 2(600T)*600 = 2N*(dN/dT)

Step 5) (720000T)/2N = dN/dT

3600000/2N = dN/dT

N*N= (3000*3000) + (4000*4000)
N*N = 25000000
N = 5000

36000000/10000 = dN/dT

dN/dT = 360 ft/s

These are two sites which have explanations and examples for related rate problems.

http://www.mathematicshelpcentral.com/lecture_notes/calculus_1_folder/related_rates.htm

http://people.hofstra.edu/Faculty/Stefan_Waner/RealWorld/tutorials/frames4_4.html

If Noah's flood was caused by rain over 40 days and nights, what was the rate at which the rain fell?
SAe = 5.096*10^8 sq km
SA(land) = 1.48*10^8 sq km
SA(water) = 3.616*10^8 sq km
Elevation of Mt. Everest = 8.85 km
Average land elevation = 0.5 km
Volume of water = (3.616*10^8)8.85 + 0.5*(1.48*10^8)
Volume of water = 3.27*10^9 cubic km
average depth rained = V/SA
average depth rained = (3.27*10^9)/(5.096*10^8)
average depth rained = 6.42 km
6.13 km/960 hrs = 6.69 m/hr or .186 cm/s

At 2:04 PM,  Kyle said...

The links really helped me understand the section. Thanks.

At 7:33 PM,  Ismael said...

Thanks Magnus for posting an awesome blog. It was quick and to the point, and really focused more on the essence of what we learned that day. It really made doing my homework a lot easier.

At 7:15 PM,  ami said...

This is a really difficult lesson but this is a great blog which shows the main topics! thnx

At 9:16 AM,  Joe Polwrek said...